Zika Virus is one of the recent most talked issues nowadays. In the upcoming Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro on August 5-21, 2016, Zika virus is one of the major concerns of the organizer and the teams will be participating in the said event.
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne infection that is spread by the Aedes species of mosquito, the mosquito also accountable for the spread of dengue and chikungunya viruses.
During 1947 in Uganda, the Zika virus was first identified on monkeys while on 1954, the first human detected with Zika virus identified in Nigeria. Following these incidents, after several years, there are instances of outbreaks of this virus in Africa, South East Asia, and the Pacific Islands.
Here are the other facts about Zika virus:
- Zika virus may play a role in developing congenital microcephaly (small head and brain) in the fetus of infected pregnant women.
- The Zika virus’ incubation period is about three to 12 days after the bite of an infected mosquito.
- Evidence now shows that Zika infection can pass from a mother to a fetus during pregnancy.
- The virus infection is usually diagnosed by the patient’s history and physical exam and by blood testing.
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has confirmed Zika can spread through sex, usually after a person traveled to an area where Zika has broken out, got the virus, and gave the virus to a sex partner who did not travel. Infected women and men can both pass the virus to sex partners — even if they haven’t shown symptoms of infection
Signs and symptoms of Zika virus are vague and can last for up to a week. Diagnosis of the virus is typically confirmed with a blood test. Common symptoms of Zika Virus are fever, rashes, joint pain, conjunctivitis (red eyes), muscle pain, headache, pain behind the eyes and vomiting. These symptoms are usually mild and last for 2-7 days.
There are no vaccines or medications available to treat Zika infections, though. If Zika is found, a medical specialized will likely recommend plenty of rest and fluids to help the body naturally fight the infection.Medication is also prescribed such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and paracetamol to relieve joint pain and fever, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Zika virus may acquire by the bite of the mosquito that carries the virus. To prevent by biting this mosquito always put mosquito repellent most especially during day wherein these mosquitoes are very active. Also, wear long clothes if you will go outside of your house.
Clean-up your house regularly to avoid having these mosquitos inside your house. Avoid traveling to other countries that Zika virus has an outbreak, if it is really necessary to travel, put little precautions and follow the advice mentioned above.
Always practice safe sex if necessary to avoid the transmission of the virus. For pregnant women always have a regular check-up to you doctors for early diagnosis of any complication with your child.
Remember always that any illness can be avoided most especially if we add a little precaution and if we take care ourselves carefully. If symptoms persist always consult your doctors for more information.
Photo Courtesy: Muhammad Mahdi Karim/Wikipedia