Health and Fitness

Health: Heat stroke and heat exhaustion; Symptoms, preventions and treatments

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Photo Courtesy: Rennett Stowe/Wikipedia

The chances of suffering from heat stroke and heat exhaustion are elevated this week due to the rapid escalation of temperature that may reach up to 33 degrees.

These two are life threatening conditions that must be treated as quickly as possible. These usually occur during a heat wave or when the climate is very hot. These may also happened during vigorous physical activities.

What are heat stroke and heat exhaustion? What are the symptoms, prevention tips and treatments?

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According to WebMD, Heat stroke is the most threatening form of heat injury and advisable to a medical emergency. It can bring damage to the brain and other internal organs that can kill someone. Heat stroke often occurs when heat-related illnesses such as heat cramps, heat syncope (fainting), and heat exhaustion aggravated but sometimes this can happen even with no signs of heat injuries. Heat stroke is when the body can no longer cool and calm itself as result of too much exposure to heat.

Heat exhaustion is the reaction of the body to the rapid loss of water and salt that is contained in sweat. There are two kinds of heat exhaustion, the water depletion and salt depletion.

The symptoms of heat stroke and heat exhaustion are: feeling tired and weak, feeling faint and/or dizzy, there being a drop in your blood pressure, headache, muscle cramps, feeling sick or being sick, sweating profusely, extreme thirst, fast pulse, darker urine and going less often.

The first aid treatments for these conditions are: move the person to an air-conditioned room or at least a cool, shady area, remove any unnecessary clothing to let air pass to the skin. If available, you can also use wet sponge, or sheets or flannel to cool their skin as well as putting cold packs around their neck and under their armpits. Fanning the person and giving them water can also help.

If the conditions of the person got worsen call an ambulance and rush them to the hospital.

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Heat exhaustion and heatstroke can often be avoided by taking practical precautions when it’s very hot. For the elderly, always check the heat temperature updates to be aware when there’s a possible danger especially during the summer. Always stay out from the heat and find cool places. Keep out of the sun between 11am and 3pm. Drink a lot of water and always cool yourself like regularly taking a bath.

Always remember that everybody is at risk with Heat stroke and Heat exhaustion. Little precautions can help you avoid to avoid these and make you safe.

Photo Courtesy: Rennett Stowe/Wikipedia

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